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ÏÑ┘äϬÏ▓Ϻ┘à┘åϺ:

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┘åÏ¡┘å ┘åÏ╣┘à┘ä Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ï¡┘àϺ┘èÏ® ÏÑÏ│ϬϽ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ┘â Ï╣┘ä┘ë ÏúÏ│Ï│ ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® Ï▒ϺÏ│Ï«Ï®. ┘à┘âϬϿ ┘àÏ¡┘àÏ» Ϻ┘äÏ│Ï╣Ï»┘è - ┘àϡϺ┘à┘ê┘å ┘ê┘àÏ│ϬÏ┤ϺÏ▒┘ê┘å ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘è┘ê┘å ┘àϬϫÏÁÏÁ ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘éÏÂϺ┘èϺ Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏ®Ïî ┘è┘åÏ©┘à┘çϺ ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ╣Ϻ┘à┘äϺϬ Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏ® Ϻ┘äϺϬϡϺϻ┘è ┘äÏ»┘ê┘äÏ® Ϻ┘äϺ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ï▒Ï¿┘èÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘àϬϡϻϮ Ï▒┘é┘à (18) ┘äÏ│┘åÏ® 1993┘àÏî ┘ê┘è┘åÏ»Ï▒ϼ ϬϡϬ ┘çÏ░Ϻ Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å ┘àϺ ┘è┘ä┘è :                                                                                                                                               Ϻ┘äÏÑ┘äϬÏ▓Ϻ┘àϺϬ ┘êϺ┘äÏ╣┘é┘êÏ» Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏ®. Ϻ┘äÏ¿┘èÏ╣ Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏî Ϻ┘äÏ¿┘èÏ╣ ϿϺ┘ä┘àÏ▓Ϻϻ Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘ä┘å┘è ┘êϺ┘äÏ¿┘è┘êÏ╣ Ϻ┘äÏ»┘ê┘ä┘èÏ® ┘âϺ┘äÏ¿┘èÏ╣ ┘ü┘êÏ¿ FOBÏî ┘êϺ┘äÏ¿┘èÏ╣ Ï│┘è┘ü CIF ┘êÏ¿┘èÏ╣ Ϻ┘ä┘êÏÁ┘ê┘äÏî ┘êϺ┘äÏ¿┘èÏ╣ ┘ü┘è ┘àÏÀϺÏ▒ Ϻ┘ä┘é┘èϺ┘à. Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ▒Ϻ┘ç┘åϺϬ Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏ®.  Ϻ┘äÏÑ┘èϻϺÏ╣ ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘àϫϺÏ▓┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ϻ┘àÏ®. Ï│┘ê┘é Ϻ┘äÏú┘êÏ▒Ϻ┘é Ϻ┘ä┘àϺ┘ä┘èÏ® . Ϻ┘ä┘ê┘âϺ┘äϺϬ Ïº┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏ® ┘ê┘ç┘è: ┘ê┘âϺ┘äÏ® Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘é┘êÏ»Ïî ┘êϺ┘ä┘ê┘âϺ┘äÏ® ϿϺ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ê┘äÏ®Ïî ┘êϺ┘äϬ┘àϽ┘è┘ä Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏî ┘êϺ┘äÏ│┘àÏ│Ï▒Ï®. Ï╣┘é┘êÏ» Ϻ┘ä┘å┘é┘ä ┘ê┘ç┘è: Ï╣┘éÏ» ┘å┘é┘ä Ϻ┘äÏúÏ┤┘èϺÏíÏî ┘êÏ╣┘éÏ» ┘å┘é┘ä Ϻ┘äÏúÏ┤ϫϺÏÁÏî ┘êϺ┘ä┘ê┘âϺ┘äÏ® ϿϺ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ê┘äÏ® ┘ä┘ä┘å┘é┘äÏî ┘êϺ┘ä┘å┘é┘ä Ϻ┘äϼ┘ê┘è. Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä┘èϺϬ Ϻ┘ä┘àÏÁÏ▒┘ü┘èÏ®: Ϻ┘ä┘êϻϺϪÏ╣ Ϻ┘ä┘àÏÁÏ▒┘ü┘èÏ®Ïî Ϻ┘äϬϡ┘ê┘è┘ä Ϻ┘ä┘àÏÁÏ▒┘ü┘èÏî Ϻ┘ä┘éÏ▒Ï Ϻ┘ä┘àÏÁÏ▒┘ü┘èÏî Ϻ┘äÏ¡Ï│ϺϿ Ϻ┘äϼϺÏ▒┘è. Ϻ┘äϺÏ╣Ϭ┘àϺϻϺϬ Ϻ┘ä┘àÏÁÏ▒┘ü┘èÏ®: Ϻ┘ä┘éÏ▒Ï Ϻ┘ä┘àÏÁÏ▒┘ü┘èÏî Ϻ┘ä┘â┘üϺ┘äÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘àÏÁÏ▒┘ü┘èÏ®Ïî ┘üϬϡ Ϻ┘äÏÑÏ╣Ϭ┘àϺϻÏî ┘êϺ┘äÏÑÏ╣Ϭ┘àϺϻ Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ│Ϭ┘åÏ»┘è. Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä┘èϺϬ Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘äÏú┘êÏ▒Ϻ┘é Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏ®: Ϻ┘äÏ«ÏÁ┘àÏî Ϻ┘äÏÑÏ╣Ϭ┘àϺϻ ϿϺ┘ä┘éÏ¿┘ê┘äÏî ϬϡÏÁ┘è┘ä Ϻ┘äÏú┘êÏ▒Ϻ┘é Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏ®. Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä┘èϺϬ Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘äÏú┘êÏ▒Ϻ┘é Ϻ┘ä┘àϺ┘ä┘èÏ®: Ϻ┘äÏÑ┘éÏ▒ϺÏ ϿÏÂ┘àϺ┘å Ϻ┘äÏú┘êÏ▒Ϻ┘é Ϻ┘ä┘àϺ┘ä┘èÏ®Ïî ┘êÏ»┘èÏ╣Ï® Ϻ┘äÏú┘êÏ▒Ϻ┘é Ϻ┘ä┘àϺ┘ä┘èÏ®. ÏÑ┘èϼϺÏ▒ Ϻ┘äÏ«Ï▓ϺϪ┘å . Ϻ┘äÏ┤┘è┘âϺϬ. ÏÑÏ╣┘äϺ┘å ÏÑ┘ü┘äϺÏ│ Ϻ┘äÏ┤Ï▒┘âϺϬ.   ┘åÏÁ┘èϡϬ┘åϺ: ┘à┘âϬϿ ┘àÏ¡┘àÏ»  Ϻ┘äÏ│Ï╣Ï»┘è - ┘àϡϺ┘à┘ê┘å ┘ê┘àÏ│ϬÏ┤ϺÏ▒┘ê┘å ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘è┘ê┘å ┘èϬ┘à┘èÏ▓ Ï¿Ï«Ï¿Ï▒ϺϬ┘ç ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘è.                     Ϭ┘êϺÏÁ┘ä ┘àÏ╣┘åϺ ┘ä┘ä┘àÏ▓┘èÏ» ┘à┘å Ϻ┘äϺÏ│Ϭ┘üÏ│ϺÏ▒ϺϬ Ï¡┘ê┘ä Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘è ┘ü┘è ϻϿ┘è ┘ê┘à┘å ϼ┘à┘èÏ╣ Ïú┘åϡϺÏí Ϻ┘äÏÑ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ ϺÏ│Ϭ┘üÏ│Ï▒ Ϻ┘äÏó┘å
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┘àϡϺ┘à┘ê┘å Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äϼ┘åϺϪ┘è ϿϻϿ┘è
┘àϡϺ┘à┘ê┘å Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äϼ┘åϺϪ┘è ϿϻϿ┘è
┘å┘é┘ê┘à ϿϺ┘äÏ»┘üϺÏ╣ Ï╣┘å┘â ┘ê┘ü┘é ÏúÏ│Ï│ ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® Ï│┘ä┘è┘àÏ®. ┘à┘âϬϿ ┘àÏ¡┘àÏ» Ϻ┘äÏ│Ï╣Ï»┘è - ┘àϡϺ┘à┘ê┘å ┘ê┘àÏ│ϬÏ┤ϺÏ▒┘ê┘å ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘è┘ê┘å ┘àϬϫÏÁÏÁ ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘éÏÂϺ┘èϺ Ϻ┘äϼÏ▓ϺϪ┘èÏ® Ï¿Ï┤Ϭ┘ë Ïú┘å┘êϺÏ╣┘çϺ (Ϻ┘äϼ┘åϺ┘èϺϬ ┘êϺ┘äϼ┘åÏ¡). Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äϼ┘åϺϪ┘è ┘ü┘è Ï»┘ê┘äÏ® Ϻ┘äϺ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ï▒Ï¿┘èÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘àϬϡϻϮ ┘èÏÀ┘ä┘é Ï╣┘ä┘è┘ç ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘é┘êϿϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏÑϬϡϺϻ┘è Ï▒┘é┘à (3) ┘äÏ│┘åÏ® 1987┘àÏî ┘ê┘ä┘äϬ┘éϺÏÂ┘è Ͻ┘äϺϽϮ ┘àÏ▒Ϻϡ┘ä ÏÑϿϬϻϺϪ┘è ┘êÏÑÏ│ϬϪ┘åϺ┘ü ┘êϬ┘à┘è┘èÏ▓. Ïº┘äÏ╣┘é┘êÏ¿Ï® ϼÏ▓ϺÏí ┘äÏú┘å┘çϺ Ϭ┘éϺϿ┘ä ÏÂÏ▒Ï▒Ϻ┘ïÏî ┘üÏÂ┘äϺ┘ï Ï╣┘å Ïú┘å┘çϺ ┘êÏ│┘è┘äÏ® ┘ä┘à┘åÏ╣ ┘ê┘é┘êÏ╣ Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒┘è┘àÏ®Ïî ┘ê┘äÏ░┘ä┘â ┘üÏÑ┘å ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘é┘êϿϺϬ Ï▒┘â┘èÏ▓Ï® ÏúÏ│ϺÏ│┘èÏ® ┘äϬ┘ê┘ü┘èÏ▒ Ϻ┘äÏú┘à┘å ┘êϺ┘äÏÑÏ│Ϭ┘éÏ▒ϺÏ▒ ┘êϺ┘ä┘àϡϺ┘üÏ©Ï® Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘ä┘åϩϺ┘à ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘àϼϬ┘àÏ╣ ϿϬ┘ê┘ü┘èÏ▒ Ϻ┘äÏ¡┘àϺ┘èÏ® ┘ä┘äÏúÏ┤ϫϺÏÁ ┘ê┘àÏÁϺ┘äÏ¡┘ç┘à ┘ê┘à┘àϬ┘ä┘âϺϬ┘ç┘à ┘êÏú┘à┘êϺ┘ä┘ç┘àÏî ┘ê┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘é┘êϿϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏÑϬϡϺϻ┘è ┘äÏ»┘ê┘äÏ® Ϻ┘äÏÑ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ï▒Ï¿┘èÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘àϬϡϻϮ ┘éϺ┘à ϿϬ┘éÏ│┘è┘à Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à ÏÑ┘ä┘ë Ï╣ϻϮ Ïú┘éÏ│Ϻ┘à ┘ê┘ç┘è ┘â┘àϺ ┘è┘ä┘è : Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘àϺÏ│Ï® Ï¿Ïú┘à┘å Ϻ┘äÏ»┘ê┘äÏ®Ïî ┘ê┘ç┘ë Ïº┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘àϺÏ│Ï® Ï¿Ïú┘à┘å Ϻ┘äÏ»┘ê┘äÏ® Ϻ┘äϫϺÏ▒ϼ┘è ┘êϺ┘äϻϺϫ┘ä┘èÏî ┘êϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à ϬÏ▓┘è┘è┘ü Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘äÏ® ┘êϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘äϬÏ▓┘ê┘èÏ▒. Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘àϬÏ╣┘ä┘éÏ® ϿϺ┘ä┘êÏ©┘è┘üÏ® Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ϻ┘àÏ® ┘âϺ┘äÏ▒Ï┤┘êÏ®Ïî ┘êÏÑ┘åϬϡϺ┘ä Ϻ┘ä┘êϩϺϪ┘ü ┘êϺ┘äÏÁ┘üϺϬ. Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ«┘äÏ® Ï¿Ï│┘èÏ▒ Ϻ┘äÏ╣ϻϺ┘äÏ® ┘âϺ┘ä┘è┘à┘è┘å Ϻ┘ä┘âϺÏ░Ï¿Ï® ┘êÏ┤┘çϺϻϮ Ϻ┘äÏ▓┘êÏ▒ ┘êϺ┘äÏ¿┘äϺÏ║ Ϻ┘ä┘âϺÏ░Ï¿. Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ï░ϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ«ÏÀÏ▒ Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ϻ┘à ┘âϺ┘äϺÏ╣ϬϻϺÏí Ï╣┘ä┘ë ┘êÏ│ϺϪ┘ä Ϻ┘ä┘à┘êϺÏÁ┘äϺϬ ┘êϺ┘ä┘àÏ▒Ϻ┘ü┘é Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ϻ┘àÏ®. Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘àϺÏ│Ï® ϿϺ┘äÏ╣┘éϺϪϻ ┘êϺ┘äÏ┤Ï╣ϺϪÏ▒ Ϻ┘äÏ»┘è┘å┘èÏ® ┘âϺ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘àϬÏ╣┘ä┘éÏ® ϿϺ┘äÏúÏ»┘èϺ┘å. Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘àϺÏ│Ï® ϿϺ┘äÏúÏ│Ï▒Ï® ┘âÏ«ÏÀ┘ü Ϻ┘äÏúÏÀ┘üϺ┘ä Ï¡Ï»┘èϽ┘è Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘çÏ» ϿϺ┘ä┘ê┘äϺϻϮÏî ┘êϺ┘äÏÑ┘àϬ┘åϺÏ╣ Ï╣┘å ϬÏ│┘ä┘è┘à ÏÀ┘ü┘ä ┘ä┘à┘å ┘ä┘ç Ϻ┘äÏ¡┘é ┘ü┘è ÏÀ┘äÏ¿┘çÏî ┘êϺ┘äÏÑ┘àϬ┘åϺÏ╣ Ï╣┘å ÏúϻϺÏí Ï»┘è┘å Ϻ┘ä┘å┘ü┘éÏ® ┘àÏ╣ Ϻ┘ä┘éÏ»Ï▒Ï® Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ï░┘ä┘â. Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘êϺ┘éÏ╣Ï® Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘äÏúÏ┤ϫϺÏÁ ┘âϺ┘ä┘àÏ│ϺÏ│ Ï¿Ï¡┘èϺϮ Ϻ┘äϺ┘åÏ│Ϻ┘å (Ϻ┘ä┘éϬ┘ä)Ïî ┘êÏ│┘äϺ┘àÏ® Ï¿Ï»┘å┘ç ┘êϺ┘äÏÑÏ╣ϬϻϺÏí Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘äÏ¡Ï▒┘èÏ® (Ϻ┘äÏ«ÏÀ┘ü)Ïî ┘êϺ┘äϬ┘çÏ»┘èÏ»Ïî ┘êϺ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘êϺ┘éÏ╣Ï® Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ï▒Ï ┘êϺ┘äÏ│┘àÏ╣Ï® (Ϻ┘ä┘éÏ░┘ü ┘êϺ┘äÏ│Ï¿). Ϻ┘äϼÏ▒ϺϪ┘à Ϻ┘ä┘êϺ┘éÏ╣Ï® Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘ä┘àϺ┘ä ┘âϺ┘äÏ│Ï▒┘éÏ® ┘êÏ«┘èϺ┘åÏ® Ϻ┘äÏú┘àϺ┘åÏ® ┘êϺ┘äÏÑϡϬ┘èϺ┘äÏî ┘êϺ┘äÏ║Ï┤ ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ╣Ϻ┘à┘äϺϬ Ϻ┘äϬϼϺÏ▒┘èÏ®. ┘åÏÁ┘èϡϬ┘åϺ: ÏÑ┘å Ïú┘è ┘àϬÏÂÏ▒Ï▒ ┘à┘å ϼÏ▒┘è┘àÏ® ┘ê┘âϺ┘å ÏÁϺϡϿ Ï¡┘é Ï│┘êϺÏí ┘âϺ┘å Ϻ┘ä┘àϼ┘å┘è Ï╣┘ä┘è┘ç Ïú┘ê Ϻ┘ä┘àϬ┘ç┘à Ïú┘å ┘èÏ│ϺÏ▒Ï╣ ┘äÏú┘ç┘ä Ϻ┘äÏ«Ï¿Ï▒Ï® ┘à┘å Ϻ┘ä┘àϡϺ┘à┘è┘å ┘éÏ¿┘ä Ϻ┘äÏ¿Ï»Ïí ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘äϺϼÏ▒ϺÏíϺϬ ┘äÏ»┘ë ┘àÏ▒Ϻ┘âÏ▓ Ϻ┘äÏ┤Ï▒ÏÀÏ® ┘ä┘äÏ¡ÏÁ┘ê┘ä Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘ä┘åÏÁ┘èÏ¡Ï® ┘êϺ┘ä┘àÏ│ϺÏ╣ϻϮ Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® ┘à┘åÏ░ ϿϻϺ┘èÏ® Ϻ┘äÏ»Ï╣┘ê┘ë ┘ä┘êÏÂÏ╣ Ϻ┘äÏúÏ│ϺÏ│ Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘è Ϻ┘äÏÁÏ¡┘èÏ¡ ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘äÏ»Ï╣┘ê┘ë ┘ä┘äÏ¡┘üϺϩ Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘äÏ¡┘é┘ê┘é.  Ϭ┘êϺÏÁ┘ä ┘àÏ╣┘åϺ ┘ä┘ä┘àÏ▓┘èÏ» ┘à┘å Ϻ┘äϺÏ│Ϭ┘üÏ│ϺÏ▒ϺϬ Ï¡┘ê┘ä Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äϼ┘åϺϪ┘è ┘ü┘è ϻϿ┘è ┘ê┘à┘å ϼ┘à┘èÏ╣ Ïú┘åϡϺÏí Ϻ┘äÏÑ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ ϺÏ│Ϭ┘üÏ│Ï▒ Ϻ┘äÏó┘å
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┘à┘âϬϿ ┘àÏ¡┘àÏ» Ϻ┘äÏ│Ï╣Ï»┘è - ┘àϡϺ┘à┘ê┘å ┘ê┘àÏ│ϬÏ┤ϺÏ▒┘ê┘å ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘è┘ê┘å ┘àϬϫÏÁÏÁ ┘ü┘è ┘âϺ┘üÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘éÏÂϺ┘èϺ Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ»┘å┘èÏ® ┘êϺ┘äϬÏ╣┘ê┘èÏ Ï╣┘å Ϻ┘äÏ¡┘êϺϻϽÏî ┘êϬϡÏÁ┘è┘ä Ïº┘äÏ»┘è┘ê┘å.   ┘ê┘éÏ» ┘åÏ©┘à ┘çÏ░Ϻ Ϻ┘äϬϫÏÁÏÁ ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ╣Ϻ┘à┘äϺϬ Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ»┘å┘èÏ® Ϻ┘äϺϬϡϺϻ┘è ┘äÏ»┘ê┘äÏ® Ϻ┘äϺ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ╣Ï▒Ï¿┘èÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘àϬϡϻϮ Ï▒┘é┘à (5) ┘äÏ│┘åÏ® 1985┘à ┘ê┘à┘å ┘àϼϺ┘äϺϬ┘ç Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ï│Ï¿┘è┘ä Ϻ┘ä┘àϽϺ┘ä ┘àϺ ┘è┘ä┘è: Ï╣┘é┘êÏ» Ϻ┘äϬ┘à┘ä┘è┘â ┘âÏ╣┘éÏ» Ϻ┘äÏ¿┘èÏ╣ ┘êϺ┘ä┘à┘éϺ┘èÏÂÏ®Ïî ┘êϺ┘ä┘çÏ¿Ï®Ïî ┘êϺ┘äÏ┤Ï▒┘âÏ®Ïî ┘êϺ┘ä┘éÏ▒ÏÂ. Ï╣┘é┘êÏ» Ϻ┘ä┘à┘å┘üÏ╣Ï® ┘âÏ╣┘éÏ» Ϻ┘äÏÑϼϺÏ▒Ï® (Ϻ┘äÏÑ┘èϼϺÏ▒) ┘êϺ┘äÏÑÏ╣ϺÏ▒Ï®. Ï╣┘é┘êÏ» Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘âÏ╣┘éÏ» Ϻ┘ä┘à┘éϺ┘ê┘äÏ® ┘êÏ╣┘éÏ» Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘êÏ╣┘éÏ» Ϻ┘ä┘ê┘âϺ┘äÏ®Ïî ┘êÏ╣┘éÏ» Ϻ┘äϺ┘èϻϺÏ╣Ïî ┘êϺ┘äÏ¡Ï▒ϺÏ│Ï®. Ï╣┘é┘êÏ» Ϻ┘äÏ║Ï▒Ï▒ ┘âÏ╣┘éÏ» Ϻ┘äϬÏú┘à┘è┘å. Ï╣┘é┘êÏ» Ϻ┘äϬÏú┘à┘è┘åϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ┤Ï«ÏÁ┘èÏ® ┘âϺ┘ä┘â┘üϺ┘äÏ® ┘êϺ┘äÏ¡┘êϺ┘äÏ®. Ï¡┘é Ϻ┘ä┘à┘ä┘â┘èÏ®Ïî ┘êϺ┘ä┘à┘ä┘â┘èÏ® Ϻ┘äÏ┤ϺϪÏ╣Ï®Ïî ┘ê┘à┘ä┘â┘èÏ® Ϻ┘äÏúÏ│Ï▒Ï®. ┘à┘ä┘â┘èÏ® Ϻ┘äÏ┤┘é┘éÏî ┘êϺϬϡϺϻ ┘à┘äϺ┘â Ϻ┘äÏÀÏ¿┘éϺϬ ┘êϺ┘äÏ┤┘é┘é. Ϻ┘ä┘à┘èÏ▒ϺϽ ┘êϬÏÁ┘ü┘èÏ® Ϻ┘äϬÏ▒┘âÏ®Ïî ┘êÏ»┘è┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äϬÏ▒┘âÏ®Ïî ┘êϺ┘ä┘êÏÁ┘èÏ® . Ϻ┘äÏ▒┘ç┘å Ϻ┘äϬÏú┘à┘è┘å┘èÏî ┘êϺ┘äÏ▒┘ç┘å Ϻ┘äÏ¡┘èϺÏ▓┘è . ┘ê┘èϫϬÏÁ ┘à┘âϬϿ┘åϺ Ï¿┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘ê Ϻ┘ä┘à┘åϺÏ▓Ï╣ϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘àϺ┘ä┘èÏ® Ϻ┘äϬ┘è Ϭ┘åÏ┤Ïú Ï¿┘è┘å ÏúÏÁϡϺϿ Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘êϺ┘äÏ╣┘àϺ┘äÏî ┘ê┘éÏ» ┘åÏ©┘à ┘çÏ░Ϻ Ϻ┘äϬϫÏÁÏÁ ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä Ϻ┘äÏÑϬϡϺϻ┘è ┘äÏ»┘ê┘äÏ® Ϻ┘äϺ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ Ï▒┘é┘à(8) ┘äÏ│┘åÏ® 1980 ┘âϺ┘üÏ® Ϻ┘äÏ¡┘é┘ê┘é Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘àϺ┘ä┘èÏ® ┘êϺ┘ä┘êϺϼϿϺϬ Ϻ┘ä┘àϬÏ▒ϬϿϮ Ï╣┘ä┘è┘ç┘à ┘âϺ┘äÏ▒┘êϺϬϿ ┘êÏ│ϺÏ╣ϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘êϺ┘äÏúϼϺÏ▓ϺϬÏî ┘ê┘é┘êϺÏ╣Ï» Ϻ┘äϬÏúÏ»┘èÏ¿ ┘êϺ┘äϬÏ╣┘ê┘èÏÂϺϬ Ϻ┘ä┘åϺÏ┤ϪϮ Ï╣┘å ÏÑÏÁϺϿϺϬ Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘äÏî ┘êÏ╣┘é┘êÏ» Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘êÏÀÏ▒┘é ÏÑ┘å┘çϺϪ┘çϺÏî ┘ê┘èϿϺÏ┤Ï▒ ┘à┘âϬϿ┘åϺ ┘âϺ┘üÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘éÏÂϺ┘èϺ Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘àϺ┘ä┘èÏ®Ïî ┘êÏÑÏ╣ϻϺϻ Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘é┘êÏ» ┘êϺ┘ä┘ä┘êϺϪϡ Ϻ┘äϻϺϫ┘ä┘èÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘àϬÏ╣┘ä┘éÏ® Ï¿┘åϩϺ┘à Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘äÏ»┘ë Ϻ┘äÏ┤Ï▒┘âϺϬ. ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘äÏ│Ï╣Ï»┘è ┘àϡϺ┘à┘ê┘åÏî ┘é┘à┘åϺ Ï¿┘àÏ│ϺÏ╣ϻϮ Ϻ┘ä┘àϪϺϬ ┘à┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘äϺÏí ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘éÏÂϺ┘èϺ Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® ┘êϺ┘äÏ¡ÏÁ┘ê┘ä Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘äÏ╣ϻϺ┘äÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® ┘ü┘è ┘àϫϬ┘ä┘ü Ϻ┘ä┘åÏ▓ϺÏ╣ϺϬ Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ»┘å┘èÏ® ┘à┘å Ï«┘äϺ┘ä Ϻ┘äϬ┘éϺÏÂ┘è ┘êϺ┘äϬÏ│┘ê┘èÏ®. ┘èÏÂ┘à ┘üÏ▒┘è┘é┘åϺ Ïú┘â┘üÏú Ϻ┘ä┘àϡϺ┘à┘ê┘å ┘ü┘è ϻϿ┘èÏî Ï¡┘èϽ ┘äÏ»┘è┘ç┘à Ï«Ï¿Ï▒Ï® ┘êϺÏ│Ï╣Ï® ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ»┘å┘è ┘ê┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘êÏ¡┘àϺ┘èÏ® Ï¡┘é┘ê┘é┘â Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ®. Ïú┘èϺ┘ï ┘âϺ┘å ┘à┘ê┘é┘ü┘â Ïú┘ê ÏÀÏ▒┘ü┘â Ϻ┘ä┘éÏÂϺϪ┘è - Ï│┘êϺÏí ┘âϺ┘å ÏÁϺϡϿ Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä Ïú┘ê Ï┤Ï▒┘âÏ® Ϻ┘äϬÏú┘à┘è┘å Ϻ┘äϫϺÏÁÏ® Ï¿┘â Ïú┘ê Ϻ┘ä┘à┘éϬÏ▒Ï Ïî ┘è┘à┘â┘å┘åϺ Ïú┘å ┘åϬϫÏ░ Ϻ┘äÏÑϼÏ▒ϺÏíϺϬ Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® ┘å┘èϺϿϮ Ï╣┘å┘â ┘ü┘è Ϻ┘ä┘àϡϺ┘â┘à ┘äÏÑ┘å┘üϺÏ░ Ï¡┘é┘ê┘é┘â Ïú┘ê ϡϬ┘ë ϫϺÏ▒ϼ┘çϺ ┘ä┘äϬ┘üϺ┘êÏ Ï╣┘ä┘ë Ϻ┘äÏ¡┘ä Ϻ┘äÏ│┘ä┘à┘è. ϬÏ▒┘èÏ» ϺÏ│ϬÏ▒ϻϺϻ Ï¡┘é┘æ┘â ϿϺ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘åσ Ϭ┘êϺÏÁ┘ä ┘àÏ╣┘åϺ ┘êÏ│┘ê┘ü ┘å┘é┘ê┘à Ï¿ÏúÏ«Ï░ ┘â┘ä Ϻ┘äÏÑϼÏ▒ϺÏíϺϬ Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘äϺÏ▓┘àÏ® ┘äÏ¡┘üÏ© Ï¡┘é┘ê┘é┘â. ┘åÏÁ┘èϡϬ┘åϺ: Ϭ┘êϽ┘è┘é Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘é┘êÏ» ┘ê ÏÂÏ▒┘êÏ▒Ï® ÏúÏ«Ï» Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ┤┘êÏ▒Ï® Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® ┘ü┘è ┘âϺ┘üÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ│ϺϪ┘ä Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å┘èÏ® Ϻ┘ä┘àϬÏ╣┘ä┘éÏ® ϿϺ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä. Ϭ┘êϺÏÁ┘ä ┘àÏ╣┘åϺ ┘ä┘ä┘àÏ▓┘èÏ» ┘à┘å Ϻ┘äϺÏ│Ϭ┘üÏ│ϺÏ▒ϺϬ Ï¡┘ê┘ä Ϻ┘ä┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘ä┘àÏ»┘å┘è ┘ê┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äÏ╣┘à┘ä ┘ü┘è ϻϿ┘è ┘ê┘à┘å ϼ┘à┘èÏ╣ Ïú┘åϡϺÏí Ϻ┘äÏÑ┘àϺÏ▒ϺϬ ϺÏ│Ϭ┘üÏ│Ï▒ Ϻ┘äÏó┘å/a>
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┘àÏ│ϬÏ┤ϺÏ▒┘ê┘å ┘éϺ┘å┘ê┘å Ϻ┘äÏÀ┘èÏ▒Ϻ┘å ϿϻϿ┘è
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